Lampedusa is situated 35 29' 58" latitude North and 12 36' 03" longitude East and together with Linosa and Lampione forms the Pelagie archipelago.
The rock at Punta Sottile is the most Southern point of Europe.
Lampedusa is about 80 miles from the Tunisian port of Monastir and from the islands of Pantelleria and Malta and 120 miles from Sicily.
It originates from a fragment of platform that broke off from African millions of years ago and it has maintained the colours, climate and vegetation of this continent.
It has approximately 5000 inhabitants while Linosa has about 250 and Lampione is uninhabited.

The island is approximately 7 km long and 3 km wide and so has a perimeter of about
20 km, a surface of 21 km squared and its highest point is the Albero Sole, situated 112 metres above sea level.
The South Eastern side of the island has a gradual descent towards the sea and is scattered with small, white-sand beaches. The South Western side, on the other hand, is characterised by small, rocky bays. The other two sides have rocky cliffs descending sharply to the sea, fascinating caves, deep coves, rocks appearing on the surface and two wonderful crags isolated in the sea.
The climate makes it possible to bathe eight months a year in the wonderfully clear sea.
The average temperatures in the past few years are indicated below in degrees centigrade:
April 16.65 (minimum 15.8 - maximum 17.5)
May 19.38 (minimum 18.0 - maximum 20.8)
June 22.90 (minimum 22.1 - maximum 24.5)
July 26.21 (minimum 24.0 - maximum 27.3)
August 27.19 (minimum 26.3 - maximum 27.8)
September 25.87 (minimum 24.6 - maximum 27.5)
October 23.4 (minimum 21.6 - maximum 25.6)
November 19.16 (minimum 17.8 - maximum 20.3)

It hardly ever rains. In the past few years, the daily rainfall per month, with precipitation over 20mm, was:
April 0.5 - May 0.2 - June 0.1- July 0.0 - August 0.1 - September 0.5 - October 1.9 - November 1.5